There are many causes of spine disorders; some common, some rare. The causes may be grouped into broad categories as outlined below.

The links in the text below connect to information about specific spine conditions provided by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.  This will give you useful background information and will help you to ask the right questions when you see us. To understand the basic way a spine is ‘built’ and to learn how it works, click here.

Infection of the spine remains quite common.

It is usually a bacterial infection of the intervertebral disc or body of the vertebra which can often be associated with systemic symptoms of fever and high temperature etc along with sometimes very severe back pain.  The mainstay of treatment for these patients remains antibiotics but occasionally surgery is necessary.  The incidence of tuberculosis in the spine is also increasing in some categories of society.