There are many causes of spine disorders; some common, some rare. The causes may be grouped into broad categories as outlined below.

The links in the text below connect to information about specific spine conditions provided by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.  This will give you useful background information and will help you to ask the right questions when you see us. To understand the basic way a spine is ‘built’ and to learn how it works, click here.

This group of spinal conditions is very mixed.  It includes patients who suffer from any significantly abnormally shaped spine.  The group includes patients with Scoliosis and/or Kyphosis and the higher grades of Spondylolisthesis which are usually in children (Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis in Children).

It occurs in patients from newborns through infants (Congenital Scoliosis) and adolescents (Scoliosis in Adolescents, Kyphosis in Adolescents) into adulthood and old age.  This group of patients are highly complex and require technically demanding operations and Deformity can be a cause of Back Pain in Children.  Spine deformity can be caused by Congenital Abnormalities and Syndromes, Trauma, Inflammatory Diseases, Cancers and Metabolic Diseases and their consequences such as Osteoporotic Fracture.  Scoliosis in adults and children represent a large category of work for spinal deformity surgeons; more information can be found here.

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