Cerebral metastases are cancers that began elsewhere in the body and spread from their original site to the brain(‘secondary brain tumours”). They can form one or more tumours at different locations in the brain. Brain metastases are the most common brain tumours. They are more common than tumours that primarily originated in the brain (‘primary brain tumours’). A metastatic brain tumour can start as any cancer but more commonly as lung, breast, bowel, kidney,ovaries, testes, skin (melanoma) or blood cancer (‘lymphoma’). Sometimes the origin of the brain metastases is not known at the time of diagnosis.
Symptoms and signs can include headaches, nausea, vomiting, mental changes, seizures, paralysis, sensory, speech or visual deficits. Treatment for patients with cerebral metastases is often surgery, radiation or both. Chemotherapy and immunotherapy are sometimes effective. At the NeuroSpine Institute we work closely with other specialists, such as oncologists and haematologists and treat metastatic brain tumours in a multidisciplinary fashion to offer our patients the best possible outcome.